|Would you like to know some
information about the Cocker
Spaniel breed in general?
The American Cocker Spaniel is a medium size breed of dog. It is
one of the Spaniel type breeds, similar to the English Cocker
Spaniel, and was originally bred as a gun dog. In the United States,
the breed is usually referred to as the Cocker Spaniel, while in
Canada and elsewhere in the world, it is called the American
Cocker Spaniel. The word “Cocker” is commonly held to stem
from their use to hunt woodcock in England. Although the Cocker
Spaniel type originated in the United Kingdom, by the 1940s the
American breed was recognized as distinct from the English breed.
The American Cocker Spaniel is a medium sized dog of normal
proportions, with medium long silky fur on the body and ears, hanging
down on the legs and belly (feathering). The head has a rounded look
and the ears hang down (drop ears). The tail is often docked. Coat colors
are described extensively in the Standard. The English Cocker Spaniel
has a more rectangular head, a shorter coat, and is larger.
American Cocker Spaniels have an ideal size of 15 inches (38 cm) at the
withers for male dogs, with females smaller. The breed standard states
that size over 15.5 inches for males and 14.5 inches for females is a
disqualification at a breed show, in order to discourage the breeding of
The head of an American Cocker Spaniel makes the breed immediately
recognizable, with the rounded dome of the skull, well-pronounced stop,
and square lip. The drop ears are long, low set, with long silky fur, and
the eyes are dark, large, and rounded.
The American Cocker Spaniel is usually kept as a companion dog, since
“very few are used for hunting any more.” As pets and show-dogs, the
breed’s coat and the colors of the coat have taken on great importance,
as they are very beautiful if well groomed and cared for. The coat should
never be curly or have a cottony texture, but should be silky and flat,
short on the head and medium length on the body, with an undercoat.
Colors are divided in to categories:
Black with tan points
ASCOB (Any Solid Color Other than Black), defined as any color with
or without tan points, and only a very small amount of white
black and white with tan points
black and white
brown and white
brown and white with tan points (brown tri)
red and white
Parti-color and other colors
Roan (individual colored hairs mingled in with white hairs), with or
without tan points
blue roan or black
orange roan or red
liver or chocolate roan, shades of brown
Sable (no longer recognized by the American Spaniel Club, meaning that
breeding dogs of this color is discouraged).
Merle (controversial color that is linked to various ailments; not
recognized by the American Spaniel Club, and not registrable with the
American Kennel Club).
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